The Seventh ACM International Workshop on VehiculAr Inter-NETworking (VANET 2010)

Vehicle to Vehicle -- Vehicle to Roadside -- Vehicle to Internet

Welcome and Keynote

KEYNOTE: Connecting the Roadside, Car and Traveler: Reconciling Research in Technologies and Services (Jim Misener, Executive Advisor, Booz Allen Hamilton)

Abstract:  There is in the United States at this time, parallel almost independent -- but very active -- tracks addressing two distinct flavors of vehicle connectivity.  On the commercial front, advances in consumer electronics have put in the hands of potentially most every traveler wireless connectivity with geolocation.  This offers the prospect of personalization, ubiquitous connectivity and traveler information delivered with a degree of reliability, accuracy and spatial fidelity barely envisioned a few years ago.  It is today not difficult to imagine real-time mobility and perhaps even some safety services pushed to your smartphone.

At the same time, there is a remarkable government- and automobile manufacturer-led set of programs related to several VANET topics, namely the idea that DSRC WAVE can with high reliability and low latency connect cars to other cars, to the infrastructure and even to pedestrians and that this connection may enable safety-of-life applications.  These programs may indeed transform the safety proposition to be in large part delivered through over-the-air connectivity, given market penetration.

In this talk, the progression of smartphone-enabled set of services is discussed, then contrasted to plans and even speculation on the progression of a DSRC-enabled set of services.   The talk will explore potential 'end states' where there could be a symbiotic and even merged relationship between low latency safety-of-life communications and the smartphone.  Admittedly, such a convergence will require some very clever devices, systems and even social engineering.   The aim of the talk is to inform and discuss the context of all this cleverness and sort what we as researchers may do the help in the convergence in delivering a connected, informed and safe world of VANET.

Bio: James A. Misener is currently Executive Advisor at Booz Allen Hamilton.   From 1995 - 2010, he was with the California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH) at the University of California at Berkeley, serving in recent years at Executive Director.  An underlying theme for the vast majority of Jim's projects at PATH has been the concept of “networked vehicles” and “networked infrastructure” for transportation safety, mobility and environmental sustainability -- topics with underlying applications and fundamental engineering relevance, not only to this workshop but also to the future of transportation.   Specifically, Mr. Misener has led the VII deployment test bed in California, which is the first such test facility in the United States and served as part of the award of the SafeTrip-21 Networked Traveler project, which addressed transportation applications using over-the-air connectivity with mobile phones, and which  Mr. Misener co-led. Mr. Misener is member of IEEE, the TRB Committee for Vehicle-Highway Automation, the SAE DSRC Technical Committee.  He is on the Chair of the ITS America Safety Forum and is the immediate past chair of ITS California.  In 2008, he was chair of the 11th Avenue Theater active safety and autonomous vehicle demonstrations at the 15th World Congress on ITS, New York. Jim Misener is on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, and has been guest editor of the "Intelligent Transportation Systems and Safety" issue.  Mr. Misener holds BS and MS degrees from UCLA and USC.

Session 1: Safety, efficiency and security

Communication Requirements for Crash Avoidance
Jason J Haas (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US); Yih-Chun Hu (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US)

Session 1 (cont.): Safety, efficiency and security

Dynamic Highway Congestion Detection And Prediction Based On Shock Waves
Dijiang Huang (Arizona State University, US); Swaroop Shere (Arizona State Universit y, US); Soyoung Ahn (Arizona State University, US)

VANET Alert Endorsement Using Multi-Source Filters
Hyun Jin Kim (Carnegie Mellon University, US); Ahren Studer (Carnegie Mellon University, US); Xin Zhang (Carnegie Mellon University, US); Rituik Dubey (Carnegie Mellon University, US);        Adrian Perrig (Carnegie Mellon University, US); Fan Bai (General Motors, US); Bhargav Bellur (GM Research, IN); Aravind Iyer (General Motors, IN)

Dependable and Secure Geocast in Vehicular Networks
Elmar Schoch (Ulm University, DE); Boto Bako (Ulm University, DE); Stefan Dietzel (University of Twente, NL); Frank Kargl (University of Twente, NL)

Session 2: Connectivity and capacity

Simulation-Based Capacity Estimates for Local Broadcast Transmissions
Felix Schmidt-Eisenlohr (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), DE); Hannes Hartenstein (University of Karlsruhe, DE)

A Probabilistic Model on Message Propagation in Two-Dimensional Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks
Yanyan Zhuang (University of Victoria, CA); Jianping Pan (University of Victoria, CA); Lin Cai (University of Victoria, CA)

CORNER: A Step Towards Realistic Simulations for VANET
Eugenio Giordano (University of California at Los Angeles, US); Raphael Frank (University of Luxembourg, LU); Giovanni Pau (University of California Los Angeles, US); Mario Gerla (University of California at Los Angeles, US)

Session 3: Posters

Path Loss and Delay Profile Models for ITS in 700MHz Band
Hisato Iwai (Doshisha University, JP); Ippei Sugae (Doshisha University, JP)

Store Carry and Forward Relay aided Cellular Networks
Panayiotis Kolios (King's College London, UK); Vasilis Friderikos (King's College London, UK); Katerina Papadaki (London School of Economics, UK)

Realizing an effective and flexible Car2X evaluation strategy through modular and multi-scaled traffic simulation
Matthew Fullerton (Technische Universitaet Muenchen, DE); Mathias Baur (Technische Universitaet Muenchen, DE)

Supporting Handover in an IEEE 802.11p-Based Wireless Access System
Jungwook Choi (Kwangwoon University, KR); Hyukjoon Lee (Kwangwoon University, KR)

Learning the Relevance of Parking Information in VANETs
Piotr Szczurek (University of Illinois at Chicago, US); Bo Xu (University of Illinois at Chicago, US); Jie Lin (University of Illinois at Chicago, US); Ouri Wolfson (University of Illinois, US)

Dynamic Channel Partition and Reservation for Structured Channel Access in Vehicular Networks
Ray K. Lam (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US); P. R. Kumar (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US)

Session 4: Position papers

Self-Organized Traffic Control
Michel Ferreira (Universidade do Porto, PT); Ricardo Fernandes (Universidade do Porto, PT); Hugo Conceição (Universidade do Porto, PT); Wantanee Viriyasitavat (CMU, US); Ozan Tonguz (Carnegie Mellon University, US)

Fundamental Tradeoffs in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Mohammad Nekoui (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, US); Hossein Pishro-Nik (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, US)

Panel discussion

Green VANET: The Impact of Electrification on VANET Design?

With the emerging “electrification” trend of automobiles, the proliferation of electrical vehicles in the next decade is expected to impose significant challenges to the designs of future VANETs and smart grids. For instance, the power consumption by wireless communication might become a major concern in the VANET design since the electrical vehicles are powered by battery. The design of VANET protocols should take the power consumption into considerations.

On the other hand, the electrification of vehicles also brings a number of new opportunities for smart grid and VANET. A collection of batteries equipped in a large number of electrical vehicles is able to serve as the buffer of energy, which can absorb the extra energy during the idle period (night) and become the source of energy during the peak hour.

This panel aims to bring researchers from various sectors and conduct an in-depth discussion to analyze the challenges and opportunity of electrical vehicles, VANET, and smart grid, as well as to outline the potential future development of this emerging field.

Topics include
-    Vehicle-to-Grid or Grid-to-Vehicle communication technology for electrical vehicle
-    Wireless technology for communication and controls of electrical vehicle
-    Mobile computing for management of electrical vehicle and smart grid
-    Smart grid charging system and network infrastructure
-    Distributed energy generation, storage, transportation and consumption using electrical vehicle
-    Incentives for players in the business ecosystem
-    Standard and interoperability

-    Ken Labertaux, Toyota Research Center
-    Cem Saraydar, General Motors Global R&D
-    Tamer Nadeem, Siemens Research Center
-    Christopher Scofield, INRIX
-    Fan Bai, General Motors Global R&D (moderator)

Dr. Ken Laberteaux (Toyota Research Institute - North America) is a Senior Principal Research Engineer for the Toyota Research Institute-North America in Ann Arbor, MI.   Ken’s current research focus is sustainable mobility systems, including grid-vehicle interactions, vehicle electrification feasibility, security, and privacy issues of smart grid, battery lifetime modeling, and US Urbanization patterns.  Credited with coining the term VANET, Ken was a founder and two-year (2004, 2005) General Co-Chair of the Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) workshop.  Ken has published 15 scholarly papers in the area of VANET, is a frequent presenter at conferences and universities, and recently co-edited the book VANET-Vehicular Applications and Inter-Networking Technologies.  Before joining Toyota, Ken spent ten years as a researcher at the Tellabs Research Center, where he investigated equalization, echo cancellation, data networking protocols, call admission control, and congestion control. While working full-time at Tellabs, Ken completed his M.S. (1996) and Ph.D. (2000) degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Notre Dame, focusing on adaptive control for communications.  In 1992, he received his B.S.E. (summa cum laude) in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Dr. Cem U. Saraydar (General Motors Global R&D) received a bachelor’s degree from Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from WINLAB, Rutgers University, all in Electrical Engineering. Following his PhD, he worked for the Performance Analysis Department at Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, as a Member of Technical Staff and at the ECE Department at NJIT, Newark, NJ as a Research Associate/Lecturer. Since 2005, he is with General Motors Global R&D, Warren, MI. His current research interests include wireless sensor networks and wireless ad hoc networking.

Dr. Tamer Nadeem (Siemens Corporate Research) received Ph.D. in Computer Science from University of Maryland, College Park in 2006. He is currently a research scientist at Siemens Corporate Research (SCR) in Princeton, USA. His research focuses on development of new algorithms, architectures, and systems in the area of wireless networks,  more specifically IEEE 1609, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.15 and 802.16 networks. He is an active member in WiFi Alliance and IEEE Standardization meetings. He leads research projects in the area of smart mobility for optimized intelligent transportation systems, dynamic radio management for enterprise wireless networks, network security in wireless networks, cross layer protocols for vehicular networks, smart grid technology, location estimation and tracking of WLAN devices, and Intelligent Roaming. Dr. Nadeem was at Fujitsu Labs of America (FLA) in College Park, USA. While he was at FLA, he participated in designing, analyzing, and evaluating a new paradigms for 802.11 wireless networks such as access points with sectorized antennas. From 2000-2004, he was a member of the Maryland Information and Network Dynamics Laboratory (MIND) at the University of Maryland. His work, while at MIND Lab, on Rover project was cited in Scientific American Magazine: "Seeking Better Web Searches" on February 2005. Dr. Nadeem has been on the technical program committee of several ACM and IEEE conferences. He has published over 40 technical papers in refereed conferences and journals including Journal on Selected Areas of Communication (JSAC), IEEE Transaction on Mobile Computing, IEEE Infocom, and ACM International Measurement Conference (IMC). Dr. Nadeem is a member of the ACM, IEEE, IEEE Computer Society, and IEEE Communication Society.

Dr. Christopher Scofield (INRIX) joined INRIX, Inc. in October 2008 as Principal Scientist. In this role, Chris is responsible for the technical vision, new research directions, and fundamental technology of INRIX's products. His current work is focused on aggregate behavior in vehicle traffic. Chris joined in the fall of 1998 to manage the Search group. After building this team from 2 to about a dozen and creating the first service at, Chris moved on to direct, at various times, many of the service groups at Amazon. Before coming to Amazon, Chris was a Vice President at Nestor, Inc., where he was responsible for their Web personalization product. During his time at Nestor, Chris also served as the Chief Scientist for the DARPA project with Intel to create a Bayes Classifier in silicon. Chris received his Masters and Ph.D. in Physics from Brown University, for his work on computational models of the cat visual system. He was a visiting scholar at Brown's Center for Neural Science from 1990 - 1998. Chris is the author of Neural Networks and Speech Processing, 16 patents (12 at Amazon), and over 30 technical articles. Chris received his Bachelor in Science from the University of Washington.  In his spare time, Chris is an avid sailor, a collector and sometime dealer in 19th century maritime art, a car and motorcycle nut, and the parent of two children.

Dr. Fan Bai (General Motors Global R&D) is a Senior Researcher in the Electrical & Control Integration Lab., Research & Development and Planning, General Motors Corporation, since Sep., 2005. Before joining General Motors research lab, he received the B.S. degree in automation engineering from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, in 1999, and the M.S.E.E. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering, from University of Southern California, Los Angeles, in 2005.

His current research is focused on the discovery of fundamental principles and the analysis and design of protocols/systems for next-generation Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET), for safety, telematics and infotainment applications.  Dr. Bai has published about 40 book chapters, conference and journal papers, including Mobicom, INFOCOM, MobiHoc, SECON, ICC, Globecom, WCNC, JSAC, IEEE Wireless Communication Magazine, IEEE Communication Magazine and Elsevier AdHoc Networks Journal. In 2006, he received Charles L. McCuen Special Achievement Award from General Motors Corporation “in recognition of extraordinary accomplishment in area of vehicle-to-vehicle communications for drive assistance & safety”. He serves as Technical Program Co-Chairs for IEEE WiVec 2007 and IEEE MoVeNet 2008. He is an associate editor of IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology and serves as guest editors for IEEE Wireless Communication Magazine, IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine and Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks Journal. He is also serving as a Ph.D. supervisory committee member at Carnegie Mellon University and University of Illinois – Urban Champaign.